In his January 1964 State of the Union address, President Lyndon Johnson proclaimed, “This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America.”
In the first few years of the War on Poverty, both the number of Americans and the percentage of our population living in poverty decreased dramatically.
Number of People Living in Poverty
In large part, the decrease simply followed the trend of the past 15 years. In 1950, the poverty rate was 32.2%.
By 1965, the first year during which any War on Poverty Programs began to operate, the rate had been cut nearly in half to 17.3%.
In the nearly 50 years since the first full year of the War on Poverty,
the percentage of Americans living in poverty has barely changed.
In 1966, the official poverty rate was 14.7% - it was 14.8% in 2014.
Percentage of Americans Living in Poverty
President Johnson declared that his war would strike “at the causes, not just the consequences of poverty.” He added, “Our aim is not only to relieve the symptom of poverty, but to cure it and, above all, to prevent it.”
Unfortunately, we have not done much to relieve the symptoms. We'll explore that more in our blog on wages and income inequality.
Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure, we can evaluate how government assistance lifts people out of poverty.
To many, this will fly in the face of President Johnson's commitment to relieve the symptoms; to cure and prevent poverty.
Some will say that we have to reign in government spending…cut or even eliminate entitlements like social security, medicare, food stamps.
Others will say that the poor (and for many, what used to be a middle class existence) simply need to get jobs or work more hours…
The fact is, they already are!
Here is the ironic fact:
73% of enrollees in America’s major public support programs are members of working families1
The American taxpayers bears a significant portion of the hidden costs of low-wage work in America.
Stagnating wages and decreased benefits are a problem not only for low-wage workers who increasingly cannot make ends meet, but also for the federal government as well as the 50 state governments that finance the public assistance programs many of these workers and their families turn to.
According to the University of California Labor Center, poverty-level wages cost U.S. taxpayers $152.8 billion each year in public support for working families...those who are working for some of the largest and most well recognized food service and retail companies in America. READ THE REPORT →